Canada express entry FAQs

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Canada Express Entry is a new way to manage applications that IRCC receives through various economic immigration programs. People who qualify and meet the criteria of these programs will be placed into a database pool. The Canadian employers, Government of Canada, Provincial and Territorial Governments will be able to directly shortlist candidates from this pool.

Candidates with the highest scores in the pool will be issued an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

Candidates will be awarded points for:

  • A job offer and/or
  • A provincial/territorial nomination and/or
  • Skills and experience – factors that contribute to success in Canada.

As of August 2014, the age for dependent children was 19 years. The new regulatory change increases the maximum age of dependents to 22.

Applicants must be physically present in Canada for three out of five years before applying for citizenship, instead of previous four out of six years.

Applicants no longer have to be physically present in Canada for 183 consecutive days in four out of the six years preceding their application, so they can now travel for things such as work or education.

Applicants may count each day they were physically present in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person before becoming a permanent resident as a half-day toward meeting the physical presence requirement for citizenship, up to a maximum credit.

Applicants between 18 and 54 years must meet the language and knowledge requirements for citizenship instead of the previous 14 to 64-year-old age range.

No, Canada Express Entry will apply only to three Canadian economic programs:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program.
  • Federal Skilled Traders Program, and
  • Canadian Experience Class.

Express Entry requirements are no different from the above immigration program requirements. Express Entry Canada is not a new economic program in itself, but a novel way to manage the applications IRCC receives online through the various immigration programs it runs throughout the year. It will enable IRCC to simplify and deal with online applications and process them faster to reduce the wait time.

Any number of people can submit their profile in the Express Entry Pool. There's no limit/cap as such. However, Invitations to Apply (ITA) for Permanent Residence will be based on the Annual Immigration Level Plan.

IRCC will carry outdraws every few weeks on a regular basis and post the results on its website. Candidates who receive ITA will have to submit a complete PR application which will be processed in 6 months or less.

All job offers received through Job Bank or through the Provincial Nominee Programs will be subject to Employment and Social Development Canada's (ESDC's) LMIA requirements in place at that time.